"Good Horsemanship is Built on Solid
Basics...So is Good Business!"
Business & Association Development, Marketing, Professional Workshops
forthe Horse Industry
Steps To Success For
Your Horse Business
By Lisa Derby Oden
So you run a horse
business. And you have noticed that some horse businesses
come and go with the blink of an eye. You are determined that this will
be the case for you. You are in this to stay, and are looking for the
success. There are three key competency areas in running your horse
business. These are technical skills, business skills, and process skills.
Technical skills are those that revolve around the horses. Will you
personally be providing the care? How experienced are you with horse care?
Do you know the requirements for their good health? Can you recognize
something is wrong? Can you provide proper follow-up care for medical
treatment when necessary? What is your experience level for
riding/training? If you provide these services, do you seek ongoing
education and development in the health/care/riding/training areas? If
employ someone to handle any of these services, are they trained in these
areas? Do they pursue ongoing education? Horse owners and riders are more
educated than in the past. This is wonderful because it means that they
more deeply involved and that resources are more readily available. It
means they will ask more challenging questions and will be more particular
in choosing health/care/riding/training providers. It is up to you to
to the challenge.
The best technical skills in the world won't keep your barn doors open
without business skills. It's been estimated that 55% of small businesses
fail within 5 years. Just as falling off a horse often teaches us how
stay on, success often comes by understanding failure. The most common
causes of small business failure are: 1) lack of financial planning, 2)
business records, 3) no understanding and/or use of business records,
poor cash flow management, 5) poor debtor management, 6) poor inventory
management, 7) poor costing-pricing, 8) poor market research, and 9)
Financial planning involves taking the long view of your business. What
are your long-term financial objectives? How will you meet them? What
revenue sources are available? What are your financing options? What are
your options if you find yourself in a cash emergency?
Business records are daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly recordings of
what is happening in your business. This is your paper trail. Horse
businesses are very high overhead and in the eyes of the IRS walk the
line between being a business and being a hobby. The use of business records
is one sign to the IRS that you run a business. Business records include
income, expenditures, reconciled bank statements, tax records, horse health
and behavior records, and employee records.
Understanding and using your business records increase your chances of
achieving your business potential. Take time to review your records at
regular intervals. What trends are you noticing? Are your expenditures
increasing? Is the increase offset by increasing revenue? Do any of your
horses show repeated health or behavior patterns? Do you have a big turn
over in employees? What is the cost of employee turnover?
The single biggest problem that a small business faces is cash flow.
Cash flow is the life blood of your business. Many horse businesses
experience seasonal variations in when the money comes in, and when it
to be spent. You may know that your hay bill will gobble up more than
make in June, but that when school starts in September your lesson program
swings into overdrive and more than offsets the expenditure. Do you have
access to enough cash to handle temporary shortages?
Do you extend credit to your clients? Although this is a convenience
for them and may encourage them to spend more with you, are they up to
with their payments to you? Do you charge an appropriate amount for late
payments? If not your debtor management needs improvement. Extending credit
may be costing you more than you realize.
Inventory management relates to how well you utilize the resources that
you've invested in for your business. Horses, bedding, grain, tack and
stable supplies and equipment all fall in this category. Are these used
wisely or wastefully?
How do you set prices for your services or your sale horses? Take time
to do your homework here. Itemize and assign a dollar value for all the
costs associated with you're offering. Talk to others offering similar
services for feedback to see if you've missed anything. Surprise costs
turn a money making idea into a real life money loser.
Market research provides crucial information regarding the potential
size of your piece of the pie. With thorough market research you will
idea of how many people there are to become your client and what their
characteristics. You will also discover who your competitors are, how
of the pie they have, and what their basic market strategy is.
Over-borrowing can be almost too easy these days. Credit card companies
make instant credit readily available but at very high interest rates.
vendors will also extend you credit, although it will usually be for a
short time period. You may not be able to create enough revenue within
given time frame to pay even the minimum amounts due on all the lines
credit you have.
In addition, the horse industry is characterized as a "wild cat"
industry. It is high risk and subject to rapid fluctuation. This industry
relies largely on discretionary income since it is leisure time activity
participants Losing touch with the environment you operate in can put
on track with the dinosaurs. But risk can also yield reward, if you can
learn the necessary skills to stay on to enjoy the ride.
To this point we've examined what you do for business. Process skills
relate to how you do business. What are the dynamics behind your
relationships? How do you communicate to you horses, your employees, your
clients, your vendors, your farrier, vet and other independent contractors,
your banker, and your peers and colleagues? Do you take adequate time
them? Do you listen actively to what they say? Do you encourage learning
yourself and others? Do you take time away from work to refresh yourself
prevent burnout, stimulate new ideas, and explore other areas of the world
Someone has said that it's not whether you win or lose, its how you
play the game. Someone has said that if you don't care whether you win
lose it must be because you're on the losing side a lot. Consider that
is another option: Both the game and how it is played important. Running
successful business is a culmination of what you do and how you do it.
(Lisa Derby Oden has been providing business development, marketing, and
association consulting services to the horse industry since 1995. Oden
is author of "Growing Your Horse Business" and "Bang For
Your Buck: Making $ense of Marketing For Your Horse Business." She
is the 1999 AHC Van Ness Award recipient for outstanding service to the
horse industry. She can be reached at: (603)878-1694; email at Lisa@horseconsulting.com;
or visit her
website at www.horseconsulting.com)